Clematis, Clematis

Clematis is a tough, low-maintenance climber that twines around nearby structures to provide privacy and beauty.

Growing: Clematis prefers full sun but tolerates partial shade. The soil should be fertile, humus rich, moist and well drained. Clematis requires regular watering during the first year to get established. Be sure to fertilize after blooming has finished.

This vine enjoys our warm climate, but its roots prefer to be cool. A thick layer of mulch or a planting of low, shade-providing perennials helps protect the tender roots. Provide shelter from winter winds.

Clematis blooms on the tips of the previous year’s growth, so prune only after blooming has finished.

Tips: Clematis can climb up structures, such as trellises, railings, fences or sturdy arbors. It can also be allowed to grow over shrubs or up trees, or used as a groundcover.


C. armandii (evergreen clematis) is a vigorous, evergreen climber that produces white, fragrant blooms in spring. The oblong, leathery foliage is an attractive dark green. A number of hybrids are available. ‘Snowdrift’ is most common, while ‘Apple Blossom’ offers pink buds and pale pink to white blooms. (Zones 5–9)

C. paniculata (C. maximowicziana, C. terniflora; sweet autumn clematis), one of the best Clematis species for Texas, is a vigorous, twining, deciduous or semi-evergreen vine that grows 15–20' tall. It has lush, deep green foliage. The fragrant, star-shaped, white flowers in late summer and early fall are followed by decorative seed heads. This vine self-seeds with much gusto and should be cut back if it’s taking over. (Zones 4–8)

Features: twining habit; fast-growing; spring or summer blooms; attractive foliage

Height: 15–30'

Spread: variable

Hardiness: zones 4–9

Notes: Many types of clematis are available in different forms and sizes, bearing a wide array of flower colors and bloom times.

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